Credits & Appreciations

PHOTO CREDITS

Photo credits below are in the same order as the Gallery pages. Every effort has been made to correctly identify the photographer, studio, or artist of each historical photograph or graphic image appearing in the Gallery and Immortal Swan sections of this website. In case of any error or unintentional misuse of copyrighted material, please contact the creator of the Pavlova Project, Peggy Turchette.

This non-commercial website’s sole purpose is to provide educational information online about ballerina Anna Pavlova (1881-1931).

ROOTS IN RUSSIA
1.   Left: Earliest Photo, Age 5 or 6), St. Petersburg, circa 1886. photographer unknown. Appearing in V. Dandré’s biography “Anna Pavlova,” Cassell and Co., Ltd., 1932.  Right: Anna with her Mother, Studio Portrait, St. Petersburg, circa. 1889, photographer unknown, photo housed at Royal Ballet School, London. 
2.  At the Barre, School of Imperial Ballet, St. Petersburg, 1891, photographer unknown, photo housed at St Petersburg State Theatre Museum. Right: In School Uniform with icon of St. Anna, School of Imperial Ballet, c.1896. Photograph housed at © Museum of London. 
3. “Un Contes de Feés” (A Fairy Tale), Imperial School of Ballet, 1891. Photographer unknown, photograph housed at Mariinsky Theater Archives. St. Petersburg.
4.  Left: Anna at Eleven, Portrait. School of Imperial Ballet, St. Petersburg, 1892 Photograph housed at Royal Ballet School, London. Right: A Charming Young Woman, St. Petersburg, circa 1896, photograph housed in private collection, appearing In Margot Fonteyn’s biography “Pavlova” Portrait of a Dancer.” 
5. La Polonaise from “Harlequinadedanced with Michel Fokine, music by Riccardo Drigo, choreography by Marius Petipa. Hermitage Theater, St. Petersburg, 1900, photographer: Fischer Photographic Studios.
6. The Mad Scene from “Giselle,” Mariinsky Theater, St. Petersburg, 1903, music by Adolphe Adam, choreography by Marius Petipa. Photographer: Fischer Photographic Studios. 
7.  The Spanish Doll from “The Fairy Doll,” Mariinsky Theater, St. Petersburg, 1903, music by Bayer, Drigo, and Rubenstein; choreography by Sergei and Nicolai Legat; costumes by Léon Bakst. Photographer: Fischer Photographic Studios.
8. “Daughter of the Pharoah,” danced with Mikhail Mordkin, Bolshoi Theatre, Moscow, 1906. Music by Cesare Pugni, choreography by Alexander Gorsky, costumes by Konstatin Korovin. Photographer unknown. Estate of Melvina Hoffman (?).
9. “Le Pavillon d’Armide,” danced with Vaslav Nijinsky, Bolshoi Theater, Moscow, 1907. Music by Nicolai Tcherepnin, choreography by Michel Fokine, costumes by Alexandre Benois. Photographer: Fischer Studios, hand-colored photograph used for the cover of Le Theater, May 1909. © V & A Museum.
10. The Panaderos from “Raymonda,” Berlin, on tour with the Imperial Ballet, 1908. Music by Alexander Glazunov, choreography by Marius Petipa, photograph in the Bancroft Collection.
11. “Chopiniana” (later “Les Sylphides”) Mariinsky Theater, St. Petersburg, 1908. Music by Frederic Chopin, choreography by Michel Fokine, costume by Léon Bakst. Photo reference is the cover of a book published in Russia, using a photograph by Fischer Studios housed at St. Petersburg State Museum.  
12. Sewing Ribbons, Pavlova’s St. Petersburg Apartment, c. 1909, photographer unknown, location of original photograph unknown.
13. Design for Costume for Columbine in “Harlequinadefor Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes. Color Sketch by Konstatin Somov, Paris, 1909. 
14. “La Bayadére” Music by Ludwig Minkus, choreography by Marius Petipa, Pavlosk, Russia, June 7, 1914. Photograph by Fischer Studios, housed in Cyril W. Beaumont Collection, © V & A Images.
LONDON ON THE STAGE AND AT HOME
15. “Russian Dance,” Music by Pyotr Tchaikovsky and Alexander Alabiev, choreography by Mikhail Mordkin, costume by Russian illustrator Ivan  Bilibin. Private Residence of Lord and Lady Londonborough, London,1909. Photographer: Foulsham and Banfield Photographers.
16. “Valse Caprice” danced with Mikhail Mordkin, Music by Arturo Rubinstein, choreography by Nicolas Legat. London, Palace Theater, 1910. Photographer: Dover Street Studios, 1910. 
17. Reconstructed Gilded Bronze Statue of Pavlova by Harry Franchetti, 2006, from the original by Frank Matcham, 1911. Atop Victoria Palace Theater, London. Photograph by John Freedman, 2016.
18. “Amarilla,” danced with Laurent Novikoff. Music by Glazunov, Drigo, and Dargomyzhsky; choreography by Piotr Zajlich; Costumes by Georges Barbier. Premiered June 5, 1912 in London. Photographer: Foulsham and Banfield Photographers, London. Illustration by Georges Barbier.
19. “Au bal,” Divertissement to Mazurka from “Sleeping Beauty,” Music by Peter Tchaikovsky, choreography by Boris Romanov, costumes by Leon Zach. Covent Garden, London, September 1927. Photographer: Schneider, Berlin.
20. Anna Pavlova in Dressing Gown with Victor Dandré London, 1920s (?), 
Left: Photographer and date unknown, appearing In Margot Fonteyn’s “Pavlova” Portrait of a Dancer.” P. 94. Center: Photograph © Museum of London. Right: Early photograph of V. 
Dandré, Photographer unknown, appearing on website Kulturologia.ru   
21. With Pets at Ivy House, c. 1912. Photographer unknown, Photographs housed at Museum of London.
22. Left: Outside Ivy House in Practice Costume, 1912. Photograph appearing in appearing In Margot Fonteyn’s “Pavlova” Portrait of a Dancer.Right: Pavlova with her Ballet Students, Ivy House,1913. Photograph housed at Museum of London. 
23. With Jack at Ivy House, London,1927. Photographer: Lafayette Studios, Ltd © V & A Museum.
24. With Maestro Cecchetti in the Garden at Ivy House, 1927. Photograph in the garden: Cyril W. Beaumont Collection, © V & A Museum. Two Photographs in Pavlova’s apartment: Performing Arts Collection, Melbourne. Portrait far right: Wikipedia.
25. On a Garden Bench at Ivy House, 1920. Photograph of Ivy House from a listing sheet by Estate Agents KnightFrank.co.uk. Photograph of Pavlova by Bassano, Ltd, June 28, 1920 © National Portrait Gallery, London. 
ACROSS THE USA 
26. In Lead Role as Swanhilde in “Coppelia.,” Music by Leon Delibes, choreography by Arthur Saint-Leon, costumes by Aleksandr Schervachidze. New York City, 1910 Photograph:  Campbell-Gray Studio, London.
27. “Christmas,” with company cavaliers, “December Waltz” from Tchaikovsky’s “The Seasons”; choreography by Pavlova, Clustine, and Volinine. New York City, Russian Tea Garden, 1912. Photographer unknown.
28. “The Dancing Revelation of the Age.” Poster by unknown artist, USA, circa. 1915. Provenance unknown.
29. “Petite Danse Russe” Music by Anton Dvorak, choreography by Ivan Clustine. Left: Poster for USA Tour, 1917(?) by an unknown artist, appearing as a reproduction in “100 Years of Dance Posters” by Walter Terry and Jack Rennert. Framed photo on right is housed at the Isabella Stuart Gardner Museum in Boston, MA. It is the cover of a 1917 calendar, and the inscription written in Pavlova’s own hand reads. “Thank you and wish you a very Happy New Year. Anna Pavlova.”
30. As Helen of Troy in “Walpurgis Nights,” Ballet scene from the opera “Faust.” Music by Charles Gounod, choreography by Ivan Clustine, costumes by Kalloch and Oukrainsky, Metropolitan Opera House NYC 1914. Photographs: Dubreuil Studio, Lima, Peru, 1917.
31. “La Gavotte” danced with A. Volinine. Music by Paul Lincke, choreography by Ivan Clustine. Broadway Theater, Denver, CO, September 1914. Left to Right:  Bronze statue by Malvina Hoffman (American, 1887-1966). Original etching by Troy Kinney (American, 1891-1938). New York Public Library. Photograph © Museum of London.
32. “The Legend of Azyiade” from Oriental Fantasies, danced with Mikhail Mordkin. Music by Rimsky-Korsakov, costumes by Alexander Golovin. New York City.1910. Photographs: White Studios, NYC.
33 “A Halt on the Rockies” with Music Director Theodore Stier, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, USA, circa 1914. Photograph appearing as frontispiece in Theodore Stier’s book “With Pavlova Round the World,” pub. 1932, Hurst & Blackett, Ltd.
34. Feeding a bear at a picnic stop in Yellowstone Park, Wyoming, USA, circa 1914.
Photograph appearing in Theodore Stier’s book “With Pavlova Round the World,” opp, pg. 147, Hurst & Blackett, Ltd., 1932.
35. "Dragonfly” New York City, 1915. Music by Fritz Kreisler, violin solo “Schon Rosmarin”, choreography and costume by Anna Pavlova. Photographer: Hills Studio, New York, housed at New York Public Library.
36. “California Poppy” Music by Peter Tchaikovsky, “Melody in E Flat,” choreography and costume by Anna Pavlova, San Francisco, CA 1915, Photograph: New York Public Library.
37. “Le Papillon” (the Butterfly). Music variously by Delibes, Minkus, Rimsky-Korsakov, choreography by Anna Pavlova, costume by Léon Bakst, Los Angeles, CA 1915.  Photographer: Ernst Schneider Studios, Berlin. 
38. “The Sleeping Beauty” danced with Alexandre Volinine. Music by Peter Tchaikovsky, choreography by Marius Petipa, costumes by Léon Bakst. Debuted in New York City, 1910. Photograph: Mishkin Studio housed at NY Public Library at the Lincoln Center.
39. Pavlova in Her Dressing Room backstage in New York City, c.1925 (?) Library of Congress, George Grantham Bain Collection.
HOLLYWOOD  
40. Left: The Film “The Dumb Girl of Portici,” starring Anna Pavlova. From an opera by Daniel Auber. Far left: Hand-colored photograph, provenance unknown; near left, poster for the Philharmonic Hall, London, showing Pavlova in the costume from the film. 
Right:  Poster for “La Muette de Porticiby unknown Dutch artist,1915.
41. Left: With Child Star Jackie Coogan. Publicity shot, Hollywood,1922. Photographer unknown. Stock photo Getty Images, Bettmann Archives.
42. Right: With Mary Pickford in costume for Columbine, at Mary Pickford’s studio, Hollywood, 1925. Photograph: General Photographic Agency, © Museum of London.
43. With Charlie Chaplin, Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.’s studio, Hollywood, 1925   
Photograph © Roy Export, SAS, Roy Export Company Establishment.  
FASHION ICON AND ARTIST’S MUSE
44. “A Lady in Blue” (my title). St. Petersburg, circa 1899? Photographer unknown. Appearing in Margot Fonteyn’s “Pavlova” Portrait of a Dancer.” 
45. An Early Postcard. Promotional Postcard, Russian, photographer unknown. Early 1900s St. Petersburg. A postcard inserted into cigar boxes for balletomanes.
46. In Ribbons and Lace, Ivy House 1911 (?) Photographer: Madame D’Ora (Dora Kallmus), London.
47. “Slightly Wistful,” (my title).  Fashion Portrait, New York, 1917, Photographer: Mishkin Studio, NYC.
48. Heading to America! Cocoon Coat by Paul Poiret. Photograph: Daily Mail, 1913, housed at White Lodge Museum & Ballet Resource Centre.
49. Left: Pavlova Wears Fortuny: “Delphos Dress,” Fashion Portrait, Berlin 1914.Photograph housed at White Lodge Museum & Ballet Resource Centre. Right: Organza and Silk in the style Erté, Fashion Portrait, Berlin 1914. Photograph:  Berlin Source: The Bancroft Gallery.  
50. At an exhibit of the paintings of Dame Laura Knight, 1920, Paris. Photographer: Chevejon, Paris.
51. By the Pond at Ivy House. London, late 1920s, Photographer: Ernst Schneider Studio, Berlin.
52. Artist’s Muse Collage
Left to Right:  Foot of Anna Pavlova. Bronze. Gleb W. Derujinsky (Russian/American,1888-1975). Private Collection.  Painting of Anna Pavlova as a Swan. Oil on canvas. Antoon van Welie (Dutch, 1866-1956) private collection.  Sculpture of Anna Pavlova in “Bacchanale.” Bronze, Paul DeBoulonge (French, (1863-1938) GalleryUnik.  Sketch and Study of Anna Pavlova. Pencil on Paper, Valentin Serov (Russian, 1865-1911) Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow. Portrait of Anna Pavlova, charcoal on paper, Leon Bakst (Russian, 1866-1924) Pushkin Museum. Bust of Anna Pavlova, Marble, Malvina Hoffman (American 1885-1966) Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC.  Anna Pavlova Google image ©, digital, February 12, 2012, Anna Pavlova’s 131st Birthday. The Dying Swan, Oil on canvas, Sir John Lavery (Irish,1856-1941) Tate Gallery, London. Bacchante, Oil on canvas, Sir John Lavery, Glasgow Art Gallery.  Costume design for Anna Pavlova, Gouache on paper, Konstantin Korovin, Russian (1861-1939) location unknown.  Portrait of Anna Pavlova Seated, Photogravure, Frans van Riel (French, 1879-1951) private collection.
53. “Bacchanale” Left to Right: Sculpture by Malvina Hoffman; photograph by 
Mishkin Studios; frieze by Malvina Hoffman; photograph from Malvina Hoffman's book "Yesterday is Tomorrow." Anna Pavlova poses for Malvina Hoffman for the Bacchanale Program. 1914; photograph by Mishkin Studios.
54. Two Portraits of a Dancer 1913. Madame d”Ora, Photographer. (Doris Philippine Kallmus, Austrian 1881-1963).
55. “Syrian Dance” Illustration by Aimé Stevens for V. Svetloff’s book “Anna Pavlova,” M. de Brunoff, Publishers, Paris, 1922; photograph housed at The Dance Collection, NY Public Library at the Lincoln Center. 
56. Two Paintings of Pavlova, Savely Sorine, (Russian/American 1878-1953), circa 1922 (?). Oil on Canvas.
57. Christmas Card sent by Pavlova, Christmas, 1923. Designed by the Baroness Evelyn Von Maydell, (Russian/American 1890-1962) Original at Museum of London.
58. Anna Pavlova and artist Alexandre Jacovleff, Salzo-Maggiore, Italy, 1925. Sanguine drawings and oil painting by Alexandre Jacovleff, photographs by Gianni Mareschi, part of the Cyril W. Beaumont Collection, V&A Museum.
AROUND THE WORLD
59. “La fille mal gardée” Six Continents.Two Costumes.Three Decades Apart, 1908-1930. Left: “La Fille Mal Gardee” 1909, Photo by Ernst Schneider Studios. Right: “La Fille Mal Gardee” 1928, Photo by Yaravoff. Both housed at The Museum of London. 
60. “Mexican Dances” danced with Mikhail Domyslawski in a bull ring in Mexico City, 1917. (later partner was Mieczyslaw Pianowski).  Photograph housed at Museum of London. 
61. “The Fairy Doll,” Lima, Peru, 1917. Photographer: Mishkin Studios, NY.
62. "Three Japanese Dances” Yokohama, Japan, 1922, photographer: Emil Hoppe taken on the grounds of Ivy House, 1923.
64. “Krishna and Radha” created by and danced with Dance Master Uday Shankar, India and Great Britain, 1922. Photographer: Stephenson Studios, Atlanta, 1922, NY Public Library.
65. Camel Ride in Cairo, Egypt, 1923. Photographer unknown. Photograph housed at The Dance Collection at the NY Public Library at the Lincoln Center. 
66. Dancing with an Elephant, Hagenbeck Zoo, Hamburg, Germany, date unknown, photographer unknown. Appearing in V. Dandré’s biography “Anna Pavlova,” Cassell and Co., Ltd., 1932.
67. and 68. Scenes from Italy, Salzo-Maggiore, Italy, Summer 1925. Photographer: Gianni Mareschi, housed at the Cyril W. Beaumont Collection, V&A Museum.
69. Rondo orRondino,” Johannesburg, South Africa, 1926. Photograph on left provided by John Hall on YouTube. Photograph lower right: Mishkin Studios, housed at the New York City Museum of Modern Art. 
70. On a Steamer Bound for Australia, 1928. Photograph housed at Mitchell Library, State Library of NSW, Australia.
71. “Invitation to the Dance,” danced with Pierre Vladimiroff, Brisbane, Australia,1928. Photographer: © Monte Luke Studio, Australia.
72. “Autumn Leaves,” The Hippedrome, Golders Green, London.  December 13, 1930. Music by Frederic Chopin, choreography and costumes by Anna  Pavlova. Photograph: Van Riel, Barr Smith Library, University of Adelaide. 

IMMORTAL SWAN
(Top to Bottom)
1. Frans van Riel, Buenos Aires
2. Ernst Schneider Studios, Berlin
3. Hanse Hermann, Berlin
4. Frans van Riel, Buenos Aires

APPRECIATIONS

I am so indebted to the following individuals who have played such a big part in making my original concept of the Pavlova Project a reality:
 
To designer and artist Robert Tonner www.roberttonnerdesign.com for designing such beautiful dolls and making them available to collectors everywhere. 
To Elfriede Gamow at Elfriede’s Fine Fabrics, Boulder CO www.elfriedesfinefabrics.com for the couturier quality fabrics, trims, laces and embellishments I used for the costumes and fashions, and for giving me the space to display my earliest pieces.
To my dear friend Marina Shadrina at All for Doll, www.allfordoll.com for finding the most amazing props for me. I’m also grateful to Marina’s mother, who lives in Siberia, for making some lovely miniature fur coats and for supplying me with small pieces of fur from vintage Russian fur coats. Please know that all furs used in the Pavlova Project have been upcycled from existing fur garments.
My sincerest thanks to photographer Julia Vandenoever and web designer Emily Luchetti, who have made the Pavlova Project website look so beautiful. You have enabled me to reach out to all the same places across the globe where Anna Pavlova danced.

And to my family, friends, and dog clients, who have been with me since the beginning to critique the latest costume or listen to yet another story about Anna Pavlova, my heartfelt appreciation and love.